Have you ever heard of Brandenburg, Texas? How about New Brandenburg? No?
That’s because the town’s name changed a long time ago—at the beginning of World War I, in fact. The German settlers in this tiny little West Texas town wanted the nation to know that they were proud to be citizens of the United States, and what better way to show it than by changing the town’s name to Old Glory.
Old Glory, Texas is on U.S. Highway 380 between the Double Mountain Fork and the Salt Fork of the Brazos River. The town is in Stonewall County, five miles from the Haskell County line, and sixty miles north of Abilene.
Development began with a few ranches and scattered farms in the late 1880s. By 1904 a group of German Americans had settled east of what is now the townsite of Old Glory. They laid out the site for the town of Brandenburg, but only a schoolhouse and a general store were constructed. Other families continued to move into the area northwest of Brandenburg.
In 1909 the Stamford and Northwestern Railway Company was chartered to build a railroad from Stamford to Spur. The Swenson Land and Cattle Company provided a townsite on the rail line two miles west of the original Brandenburg site. The name of the new town became New Brandenburg, or simply Brandenburg, and the old community then became known as Old Brandenburg.
The new town grew with the coming of the railroad, and a mercantile store, a gin, and a post office soon served the community. A one-room school was constructed. At the beginning of World War I there was strong sentiment to change the name of the town, and residents chose the name Old Glory, which became official in 1918.
The population of Old Glory has waxed and waned through the years. Now only a small remnant remains, but Old Glory flies high in Old Glory and always will, so long as one person still lives there. The community celebrates Old Glory Days each year on June 30.